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To conduct research in geomagnetism and allied fields.

To maintain / modernize Magnetic observatory network and Establish new magnetic observatories

To set up facilities for other observations to generate high quality data through Observatory network and Field surveys

Indian Institute Of Geomagnatism, Navi Mumbai
Aurora's observed at Maitri, Antarctica
Sun - Earth connections

Welcome To IIG

The Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG), Mumbai is a leading institute of the country, actively engaged in basic and applied research in Geomagnetism and allied areas of Geophysics, Atmospheric & Space Physics and Plasma Physics.

It started out as a successor to the Colaba Magnetic Observatory, set up in 1826, where the first regular magnetic observatory in the country was established in 1841.

In 1971 IIG became autonomous and is now under the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India.  

Area Of Research

The Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG) is a premier institute of Department of Science & Technology and working on fundamental research on the geomagnetism and its allied fields.It had start working as a successor to the Colaba observatory which was established in 1826, which later in 1841 became the nation's first regular magnetic observatory research institute.

The current research activities of the institute are as follows:


Vision & Mission


To enable India to become a global knowledge power by promoting, guiding and conducting basic research in Geomagnetism and Allied fields.


To Promote, guide and conduct research in all branches of Geomagnetism. To build infrastructural support (using state-of-the-art technology) for acquisition of high quality data, leading to frontline research.

To maintain / modernize magnetic observatory network of India and establish new observatories and facilities at existing centers for other observations related to geomagnetism and allied fields.

To attract, motivate and train young talent to undertake research in geomagnetism.

Forthcoming Events

       {IN SERVICE SINCE 1841}

   Honouring the past, riding the Present and implementing IIGs vision for the future.......... More

                     175 years workshop and Science Week Celebrations Photographs

Research And Update

Papers published in JUNE - 2017.

1. Gawali, Praveen B., New continent on the block: Zealandia no, it's Mauritia, Science Reporter, 54, 06, p.42-44
2.Devi, Rajni, Shailendra Saini, Ajay Dhar and A.K. Gwal, Sawtooth variation of horizontal component with solar wind conditions at high-latitude, Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, 3, no. 3, 3923, p. 792-802
3. Devi, Rajni, Shailendra Saini, Ajay Dhar and A.K. Gwal, Variability of the horizontal geomagnetic field at high-latitude during sunspot maximum, Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, 3, no. 3, 3924, p. 803-816
4. Sangode, S.J., Rajiv Sharma, Rasika Mahajan, N. Basavaiah, Priyeshu Srivastava, Swapnil S. Gudadhe, D. C. Meshram, M. Venkateshwarulu, Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility and rock magnetic applications in the deccan volcanic province based on some case studies, Journal of Geological Society of India, 89, 06, 617-642
5. Sinha, Ashwini K., Ajay Dhar, Anand K. Singh, Jayanta K. Behera and S. Gurubaran, India's contribution to geomagnetism and allied studies in Antarctica – a review, Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy, 83, 02 (June thematic issue 2017), 299-326, doi : 10.16943/ptinsa/2017/48955 299-326
6. Tulasi Ram, S., K.K. Ajith, T. Yokoyama, M. Yamamoto and K. Niranjan, Vertical rise velocity of Equatorial Plasma Bubbles estimated from Equatorial Atmosphere Radar (EAR) observations and HIRB model simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, 122, doi: 10.1002/2017JA024260
7. Sau, Sukanta, V.L. Narayanan, S. Gurubaran, Rupesh N. Ghodpage, and P.T. Patil, First observation of interhemispheric asymmetry in the EPBs during the St. Patrick’s Day geomagnetic storm of 2015, Journal of Geophysical Research, 122, doi: 10.1002/2017JA024213
8. Jeni Victor, N., A.V. Frank-Kamenetsky, S. Manu and C. Panneerselvam, Variation of atmospheric electric field measured at Vostok, Antarctica, during St. Patrick’s Day storms on 24th solar cycle, Journal of Geophysical Research, 122, doi: 10.1002/2017JA024022
9. Bagiya, Mala S., A.S. Sunil, P.S. Sunil, K.M. Sreejith, Lucie Rolland and D.S. Ramesh, Efficiency of coseismic ionospheric perturbations in identifying crustal deformation pattern: case study based on Mw 7.3 May Nepal 2015 earthquake, Journal of Geophysical Research, 122, doi: 10.1002/2017JA024050
10. Ruiz-Barajas, S., N. Sharma, V. Convertito, A. Zolla and B. Benito, Temporal evolution of a seismic sequence induced by a gas injection in the Eastern coast of Spain, Nature, Scientific Reports, 7: 2901,doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-02773-2
11. Kakad, Amar, Bharati Kakad and Yoshiharu Omura, Formation and interaction of multiple coherent phase space structures in plasma, Physics of Plasmas, 24, 060704, doi: 10.1063/1.4986109

Photo Gallery


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