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To conduct research in geomagnetism and allied fields.

To maintain / modernize Magnetic observatory network and Establish new magnetic observatories

To set up facilities for other observations to generate high quality data through Observatory network and Field surveys

Indian Institute Of Geomagnatism, Navi Mumbai
Aurora's observed at Maitri, Antarctica
Sun - Earth connections

Welcome To IIG

The Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG), Mumbai is a leading institute of the country, actively engaged in basic and applied research in Geomagnetism and allied areas of Geophysics, Atmospheric & Space Physics and Plasma Physics.

It started out as a successor to the Colaba Magnetic Observatory, set up in 1826, where the first regular magnetic observatory in the country was established in 1841.

In 1971 IIG became autonomous and is now under the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India.  

Area Of Research

The Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG) is a premier institute of Department of Science & Technology and working on fundamental research on the geomagnetism and its allied fields.It had start working as a successor to the Colaba observatory which was established in 1826, which later in 1841 became the nation's first regular magnetic observatory research institute.

The current research activities of the institute are as follows:


Vision & Mission


To enable India to become a global knowledge power by promoting, guiding and conducting basic research in Geomagnetism and Allied fields.


To Promote, guide and conduct research in all branches of Geomagnetism. To build infrastructural support (using state-of-the-art technology) for acquisition of high quality data, leading to frontline research.

To maintain / modernize magnetic observatory network of India and establish new observatories and facilities at existing centers for other observations related to geomagnetism and allied fields.

To attract, motivate and train young talent to undertake research in geomagnetism.

Forthcoming Events

       {IN SERVICE SINCE 1841}

   Honouring the past, riding the Present and implementing IIGs vision for the future.......... More


175years workshop to be conducted from Feb 22-24, 2017 More

Research And Update

Papers published in January - 2017.

1. Rao, N. Venkateswara, M. Venkat Ratnam, C. Vedavathi, T. Tsuda, B.V. Krishna Murthy, S. Sathishkumar, S. Gurubaran, K. Kishore Kumar, K.V. Subrahmanyam, S. Vijaya Bhaskara Rao, Seasonal, inter-annual and solar cycle variability of the quasi two day wave in the low-latitude mesosphere and lower thermosphere, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar Terrestrial Physics, 152-153, p. 20-29,  DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2016.11.005
2. Chanrion, Olivier, Torsten Neubert, Andreas Mogensen, Yoav Yair, Martin Stendel, Rajesh Singh and Devendraa Siingh, Profuse activity of blue electrical discharges at the tops of thunderstorms, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 496-503,  doi: 10.1002/2016GL071311
3. Vichare, Geeta,  Rahul Rawat, Madhavi Jadhav, Ashwini Kumar Sinha, Seasonal variation of the Sq focus position during 2006–2010, Advances in Space Research, 59, 02, p. 542-556, doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2016.10.009
4. Badesab, F., P. Dewangan,  A. Usapkar,  M. Kocherla,  A. Peketi,  K. Mohite, S.J. Sangode and K. Deenadayalan, Controls on evolution of gas-hydrate system in the Krishna-Godavari basin, offshore India, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 18, doi: 10.1002/2016GC006606
5. Bhattacharyya, A., B. Kakad, P. Gurram, S. Sripathi and S. Sunda, Development of intermediate scale structure at different altitudes within an equatorial plasma bubble: Implications for L-band scintillations, Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics, doi: 10.1002/2016JA023478
6. Selvaraj,D., A.K. Patra, S. Sathishkumar, K. Kishore Kumar and D. Narayana Rao, On the governing dynamics of the VHF radar echoes from the mesosphere and collision dominated lower E region over Gadanki (13.5°N, 79.2°E), Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, doi: 10.1002/2016JA023297
7. Pramod T. Hanamgond, Praveen B. Gawali, B.V. Lakshmi, J.L.V. Mahesh Babu, and K. Deendayalan,  Sediment Texture and Geochemistry of Beaches between Redi-Vengurla, Sindhudurg, West Coast of India, Journal of Coastal Research, doi: 10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-15-00194.1

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