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To conduct research in geomagnetism and allied fields.

To maintain / modernize Magnetic observatory network and Establish new magnetic observatories

To set up facilities for other observations to generate high quality data through Observatory network and Field surveys

Indian Institute Of Geomagnatism, Navi Mumbai
Aurora's observed at Maitri, Antarctica
Sun - Earth connections

Welcome To IIG

The Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG), Mumbai is a leading institute of the country, actively engaged in basic and applied research in Geomagnetism and allied areas of Geophysics, Atmospheric & Space Physics and Plasma Physics.

It started out as a successor to the Colaba Magnetic Observatory, set up in 1826, where the first regular magnetic observatory in the country was established in 1841.

In 1971 IIG became autonomous and is now under the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India.  

Area Of Research

The Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG) is a premier institute of Department of Science & Technology and working on fundamental research on the geomagnetism and its allied fields.It had start working as a successor to the Colaba observatory which was established in 1826, which later in 1841 became the nation's first regular magnetic observatory research institute.

The current research activities of the institute are as follows:


Vision & Mission


To enable India to become a global knowledge power by promoting, guiding and conducting basic research in Geomagnetism and Allied fields.


To Promote, guide and conduct research in all branches of Geomagnetism. To build infrastructural support (using state-of-the-art technology) for acquisition of high quality data, leading to frontline research.

To maintain / modernize magnetic observatory network of India and establish new observatories and facilities at existing centers for other observations related to geomagnetism and allied fields.

To attract, motivate and train young talent to undertake research in geomagnetism.

News / Events



Applications are invited for the award of NMRF Post Doctoral research fellowship at the IIG HQ. Applications received till 31st December 2015 will be considered by the selection committee scheduled to meet in January 2016.

Forthcoming Events

       {IN SERVICE SINCE 1841}

   Honouring the past, riding the Present and implementing IIGs vision for the future.......... More

FIGA - 2016 (Special Session Organized by Indian Institute of Geomagnetism)

Special Session:Deciphering the Seismic Imprints in Lithosphere, Atmosphere and Ionosphere Coupled System More

Research And Update

Papers published in November - 2016.

1. Vijay Kumar, K., Ajeet K. Maurya, Sanjay Kumar, Rajesh Singh, 22 July 2009 Total Solar Eclipse induced gravity waves in ionosphere as inferred from GPS observations over EIA, Advances in Space Research, 58, p. 1755-1762, doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2016.07.019
2. Chandrasekhar, E., Sanjana S. Prabhudesai, Gopi K. Seemala, Nayana Shenvi, Multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis of ionospheric total electron content data during solar minimum and maximum, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 149, 31-39, doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2016.09.007
3. Raj Kalita, Bitap, Rumajyoti Harika, Geetashree Kakoti, P.K. Bhuyan, D. Chakrabarty, G.K. Seemala, K. Wang, S. Sharma, T. Yokoyama, P. Supnithi, T. Komolmis, C.Y. Yatini, M.L. Huy and P. Roy, Conjugate hemisphere ionospheric response to the St. Patrick’s Day storms of 2013 and 2015 in the 100ºE longitude sector, Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics, 121, doi: 10.1002/2016JA023119
4. Jeeva, K., S. Gurubaran, E.R.Williams, A.K. Kamra, A.K. Sinha, A. Guha, C. Selvaraj, K.U.Nair and Ajay Dhar, Anomalous diurnal variation of atmospheric potential gradient and air-Earth current density observed at Maitri, Antarctica, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmosphere, 121, doi: 10.1002/2016JD025043
5. Karan, Deepak K., Duggirala Pallamraju, Kedar A. Phadke, Tatiparti Vijayalakshmi, Tarun K. Pant and Shyamoli Mukherjee, Electrodynamic influence on the diurnal behaviour of neutral daytime airglow emissions, Annales Geophysicae, 34, p. 1019-1030, doi: 10.5194/angeo-34-1019-2016
6. Chavan, G.A., A.K. Sharma, O.B. Gurav, H.P. Gaikwad, D.P. Nade, S.S. Nikte, R.N. Ghodpage and P.T. Patil, Dependence of Coherence Scales of Ionospheric Scintillation Patterns on Magnetic Activity, MAPAN-Journal of Metrology Society of India, doi: 10.1007/s12647-016-0191-3
7. Kakad, Amar, Ajay Lotekar and Bharati Kakad, First-ever model simulation of the new subclass of solitons “Supersolitons” in plasma, Physics of Plasmas 23, 110702, doi: 10.1063/1.4969078  

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